A cross-cultural study of speech act realization patterns (apologies) by Saudi and Irish females
in this Result section you have to analyze the data of apologizing strategies among NATIVE Irish speaker (15 participants) and Non-Native Saudi speaker (15 participants),The data in this study were collected through a Discourse Completion Test
the questionnaire consisted of 10fixed discourse situations,
please follow the instructions in a very simple language and use ur own words as below:
1) The analysis should be based on Cohen and Olshtain (1981) and Olshtain and Cohen (1983), as well as on the CCSARP coding manual (Blum-Kulka et al., 1989).
2)follow the apologizing strategies and choose these 6 strategies:
1:Illocutionary Force Indicating Devices (IFIDs)
a. An expression of regret, e.g. Iâ€™m sorry
b. An offer of apology, e.g. I apologize
c. A request for forgiveness, e.g. Excuse me/Forgive me/ Pardon me
2:Explanation or Account
Any external mitigating circumstances, â€˜Objectiveâ€™ reasons for the violation, e.g. The traffic was terrible
3:Taking on responsibility
a. Explicit self-blame, e.g. It is my fault/ my mistake
b. Lack of intent, e.g. I didnâ€™t mean it
c. Expression of self-deficiency, e.g. I was confused/ I didnâ€™t see you/ I forgot
d. Expression of Embarrassment, e.g. I feel awful about it
e. Self- dispraise, e.g. Iâ€™m such a dimwit!
f.Justify hearer, e.g. Youâ€™re right to be angry g. 3:Refusal to acknowledge guilt
Denial of responsibility, e.g. It wasnâ€™t my fault
4:Blame the hearer, e.g. Itâ€™s your own fault
Pretend to be offended, e.g. Iâ€™m the one to be offended
5:Concern for the hearer, e.g. I hope I didnâ€™t upset you/ Are you all right? Offer of Repair, e.g. Iâ€™ll pay for damage
6:Promise of Forbearance, e.g. It wonâ€™t happen again
3) Explain each strategy of the apologize and categories them in tables depend on the participants answers.
4) Note , write in very simple language, the references should be with the number page.